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Forms of inflammation and its outcomes

Depending on the nature of inflammation in the affected organ are three major forms of inflammation: alterative, exudative and proliferative (or productivity).

Alterative inflammation is characterized mainly by degenerative, atrophic and necrotic processes. Usually this form is found in parenchymal organs (liver, heart, kidney, etc.).

Exudative inflammation is characterized by impaired blood flow and vascular lesions with the phenomenon of exudation and emigration of leukocytes into the surrounding tissue. By the nature of the exudate distinguish the following types of exudative inflammation: serous, purulent, hemorrhagic, putrid, or gangrenous.

Serous inflammation accompanied by inflamed tissue of serous exudate, consisting of clear liquid, yellow, sometimes with a greenish tinge, containing a relatively small number of leukocytes. When inflammation of the serous membranes in the pleural and abdominal cavities can accumulate large amounts of water - up to several liters.

Purulent exudate consists of a protein-rich fluid containing a large number of leukocytes. From the impurity leukocyte exudate becomes cloudy, yellow, sometimes greenish or grayish yellow. Thick slivkoobrazny exudate called pus, white blood cells in the pus often are called purulent cells, they are already dead cells.

Hemorrhagic exudate is characterized by a high content of red blood cells, which may be greater than the leukocytes. From the impurity of red blood cells exudate is pink and even red. Hemorrhagic exudate showed a significant lesion of vascular pathogens, so that is going out and a large number of red blood cells from blood vessels.

Putrid, or gangrenous, inflammation occurs due to penetration into the fabric of putrefactive bacteria that cause ichorization tissue with the formation of gases fetid odor.

We must also mention the so-called catarrhal inflammation of the two, so called inflammation of the mucous membranes. Qatar might be slimy, serous and purulent. When mucous catarrh inflammation of devoted primarily mucus, with serous catarrh at the mucosal surface is allocated serous exudate, "running down" on the mucosal surface, with purulent catarrh of the mucosa affected with purulent inflammatory process and on its surface stands purulent exudate.

Fibrinous exudate is called rich in protein - fibrinogen, which is exiting the blood vessel is collapsed to form fibrin. Often fibrinous exudate released on the surface of mucous and serous membranes, forming fibrinous overlay.

Lobar and inflammation is a kind of fibrinous inflammation, which often have a fairly significant tissue damage with the deposition on the surface of fibrin in the form of individual films.

Exudative inflammation occur often in pure and in mixed form: seropurulent, serosanguineous, fibropurulent, seromucous etc.

Thus, exudates in inflammatory processes are diverse in nature.

Due to the adaptive response of the body at the site of inflammation, along with the destruction of cells and tissues occur simultaneously and recovery processes - the restoration of damaged tissue due to reproduction of new cells.

Due to these processes ("devouring" phagocytes dead cells and bacteria, generation of new cells) in the area of inflammation reflexly increases the metabolism.

When the reproduction of new cells formed a new connective tissue, fills the destroyed tissue, and in some cases, this growth is excessive. The formation of young connective tissue, called granulation, also refers to the proliferative inflammatory processes.

Proliferative (or productive) form more frequently observed in the interstitial connective tissue inflammation. Such inflammatory processes lead first to an increase in the inflamed organ due to exudative phenomena and cell multiplication, and then as a result of compaction and shrinkage of the connective tissue - to its decrease. This - the final process is not inflammatory and sclerotic, or cirrhotic, which completes the inflammatory process.

When you are in the fabric of some bacteria (eg, tuberculosis bacilli), except for exudative, proliferative occurs, or productive, and inflammation. Granulation tissue is formed as a small nodule in appearance resembling a tubercle or tubercles. Hence the name of the disease is a tuberculosis.

The form of the inflammatory process characteristic only of a certain disease, said a specific inflammation.

Thus, the tubercles - a specific element of inflammation in tuberculosis gumma - of syphilis, specific nodes and nodes - with leprosy.

To a mixed form of inflammation is the so-called inflammatory infiltrat2. It is formed by the penetration of the blood vessels in the affected area mainly formed elements (leukocytes) and in connection with the reproduction of cells in the most affected tissue. Consequently, when an infiltration of the phenomenon of exudation and proliferation. Dense swelling (sometimes incorrectly called a tumor) in inflammation is infiltration.

Inflammatory processes appear extremely diverse: in some cases dominated by the phenomenon of otherness, in others - exudation, in the third - proliferation. Sometimes there are mixed forms, but in all inflammatory processes in more or less meet all three elements of inflammation.

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