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Myths and Realities of birth control pills

Birth control pills are the most common and most reliable method of contraception today. Appearing nearly half a century ago, oral contraceptives were qualitative evolution and today not only pose a threat to the organism, but also help solve many problems for women.

The first pill appeared in the 60 years of 20 century and was a powerful hormonal drug that was actually invented to facilitate the flow of menstruation in women. Since any drug requires long-term test, and side means the first pill in time identified and eliminated, but most of the myths about them have survived to this day. Modern oral contraceptives contain very low amounts of hormones and guarantee 100% w protection against unwanted pregnancy with minimal risk to health.

Modern birth control pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestogen in various dosages and combinations. On the same basis as their new acting contraception - patches and vaginal rings. Combination birth control pills have a triple effect: to prevent ovulation through the modulation of secretion impede the penetration of sperm into the uterus and prevent the attachment of a fertilized egg to the uterus.

There are monophasic birth control pills, which are identical in composition, regardless of the date of the cycle. Triphasic pills differ in their hormone levels depending on the period of the menstrual cycle. This separation allows to use the minimum amount of hormones. For the convenience of pills in the package are painted in three different colors.

Mini-pill - a special kind of birth control pills, which do not contain estrogen. In contrast, the combined pill, mini-pill does not prevent ovulation, which is slightly affects the efficiency of contraception. Another disadvantage of such tablets - increased menstrual flow, and a possible violation of the regularity of the cycle. A new generation of mini-pill is not so strictly limited in time tablets (previously it was a period of + / -3 hours) and in this respect no different from the combined. Mini-pill is usually taken without a break 28 days. The action of the mini-pill and hormone helix, a three-month hormone injections and subdermal implants action up to 3 years based on the action of one hormone, progestogen.

In tablets, the new generation of drospirenone is present, it is this substance prevents the accumulation of fluid in the tissues, eliminates many cosmetic skin problems, prevents the occurrence of PMS. The latest novelty among the contraceptive pill, which comes from the U.S. - a three-month cycle of pills. Such tablets are taken without interruption for three months, respectively, the monthly flow of 4 times a year. Since the product is fairly new on the market of oral contraceptives and the possible negative consequences or side effects have not yet definitively identified. In any case, the effectiveness of these tablets are the usual, calculated at the 28-day cycle.

Despite the fact that contraceptive pills are most effective and most widely used contraceptive method in the Western world, many are afraid to use them because of the established myths about their negative impact on women's health in general. Try to dispel them:

  1. From birth control pills can plump - it is the most common myth which is not quite true. Contained in the contraceptive pill estrogen promotes the accumulation of fluid in the tissues, which can lead (but not necessarily) to a set of 1.2 kilograms. These are the added pounds fluid in the tissues, but in any case not fat. As the fluid accumulates mainly in the lower extremities, can amplify the appearance of cellulite. As mentioned above, a new generation of contraceptive pills contain a substance drospirenone, which helps prevent fluid accumulation and, accordingly, a set of extra pounds. In addition, you can choose contraceptives that do not contain estrogen (mini-pill).
  2. The use of oral contraceptives can cause cancer. Since the pills prevent ovulation, it greatly reduces the risk of inflammation and cancer of the ovaries and uterus. With regard to breast cancer, it was revealed the possibility of increasing the risk of his appearance with regular use of hormonal contraceptives, but it applies to birth control pills first generation released until 1975. Hormonal contraceptives may, however, accelerate the development of tumors, so regular diagnostics necessary to take appropriate measures for treatment.

  3. Can cause acne and acne scars. Some women react in the first few months getting used to the pill excessive sebum on the face and head, but it usually passes quickly. If not, you should consult your doctor to switch to another drug. Many women hormonal contraceptives have only positive effects on skin and pre-existing acne goes away. The composition of such drugs include estrogen and antiandrogen (instead of progestogen) Very often control pills even sling ink for this purpose and not for protection from unwanted pregnancy.
  4. Prolonged use of birth control pills can lead to infertility. Birth control pills do not affect the fertility of women, if the problem existed prior to taking the drug, it will remain so. In some women, after they stopped taking pills may experience a period of adaptation of the organism (from 3 to 6 months) until ovulation and menstrual cycle does not stabilize. In any case, pregnancy should be planned in advance.
  5. With continuous use of birth control pills need to pause. It is not necessary, a monthly break could only lead to unwanted pregnancies and to bring down an established cycle. Since all modern drugs are very low levels of hormones, the pill can be taken without interruption for several years and even decades.

What should I look for when taking birth control pills:

  • The first three months, the body adjusts to the hormonal drug, and may be slight intermenstrual discharge.
  • If you forget to take a pill, usually enough to take the missed tablet as soon as you remember, can get 2 at a time. Since the drugs are different from each other, carefully read the instructions for use. If you miss more than one day, then protection against unwanted pregnancy is not guaranteed and should be protected by additional means. Dopeyte few pills until the end of packing, not to shoot down cycle.
  • In combination with other medicines, especially antibiotics, may decrease the effectiveness of the pill, so it is always advice from your physician.
  • If, within four hours after taking the pill you have started you vomit or diarrhea, it is better to take another pill.
  • If you still get pregnant, but found it only after the end of the package, do not panic - the contraceptive pill does not affect health and development of the embryo.
  • Women who smoke more than 35 years, the pill is not recommended, as this increases the risk of blood clots.

And finally, the most frequent question, interesting women - when will the contraceptive pill for men? Active research on the subject have been conducted for many years, but without 100% of success, as with men somewhat more complicated. To a woman is not pregnant, the male should be made the minimum number of spermatozoa. To do this, reduce the level of testosterone, which in turn reduces the male libido. But even under these two conditions, safe sex is not guaranteed, so family planning is better to keep in women's hands.

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