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Candida coleitis (thrush) is a fungal infection caused by a fungus species Candida, usually Candida Albicans. Infection is more prevalent among pregnant women, women with a weakened immune system, and women aged 30 to 50 years. Thrush usually retsediviruet.

Fungus Candida Albicans normally exist in the vagina. If the fungus multiplies in excessive quantities, edema of the vulva and vagina.

Candidal balanitis (inflammation of the glans penis) may develop in the male partner as a result of infection from a woman, although this is rarely observed. Fungal infections of the genital organs of men are much less common than in women. Therefore, yeast does not apply to infections, sexually transmitted diseases.

Symptoms of thrush:

  • Itching of the vulva;
  • Soreness and irritation of the vulva;
  • Discharge from the vagina;
  • Superficial dyspareunia (pain, discomfort during sexual intercourse);
  • Dysuria (discomfort, pain during urination).

May arise vulvovaginal inflammation. The signs of vulvovaginal inflammation include:

  • Redness (erythema), vaginal and / or vulva;
  • The appearance of cracks in the skin in the vulvar area;
  • Edema;
  • Ulceration of the surrounding tissues.

The presence of ulcers can be a symptom of the presence of other fungal infections, or herpes simplex. astym symptom is vaginal discharge: they can be watery, white, or purulent.

Causes of thrush. Who is more at risk of thrush?

In most cases, thrush is caused by the fungus Candida Albicans. This yeast normally lives in the mouth and vagina.

  • Pregnancy. Hormonal changes may increase the risk of excessive reproduction of fungi or susceptibility to them.
  • Diabetes. In women with diabetes, significantly elevated risk of developing thrush.
  • Antibiotics. If a woman takes antibiotics, her chances of developing thrush increase substantially. According to the NHS (National Health Services, UK), approximately 30% of women receiving systemic or intravaginal antibiotics, suffer from thrush.
  • Weakened immune system. Women with weakened immune systems, such as HIV / AIDS patients receiving chemotherapy or suffering from lupus are at increased risk of developing thrush, compared with other women.
  • Contraceptives. Some studies suggest that oral contraceptives increase the risk of thrush. However, this is ambiguous data.
  • Oral sex. Women receiving oral sex are at greater risk of developing thrush.

Diagnosing thrush

A doctor diagnoses yeast infection through analysis of existing symptoms. However, if the thrush recur even after treatment, it is desirable to pass the test of vaginal secretions in order to make sure that the cause of symptoms is indeed a fungus, not all bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis.

Treatment for thrush

Typically, 1-3-day course of antifungal drugs is sufficient to suppress infection. If symptoms are severe, the treatment will last longer.

Medications taken by mouth or orally, or vaginally. Drugs administered vaginally for the treatment of thrush, are known as intravaginal pessaries.

Oral medications may have some side effects, including nausea, indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, and / or bloating.

Among intravaginal pessaries isolated clotrimazole, econazole, or miconazole. They are much less likely to cause side effects, however, they may be uncomfortable to use and cause mild irritation after administration.

If the patient is aged 12-16 years, she appointed oral antifungal medications, such as: fluconazole, itraconazole.

If a woman has sores in the vagina, appointed by the cream, for example: clotrimazole or econazole.

If thrush is left after the therapy, the patient should always inform your doctor.

Pregnant and lactating women should receive intravaginal pessaries, but no oral antifungal drugs, since they fall into the milk and cross the placental barrier. For intravaginal pessary prescribed to pregnant and lactating mothers include: clotrimazole, econazole, or miconazole. Full course usually lasts for seven days or more.

Pregnant women should be careful when introducing pessary with applicator, as there is likelihood of damage to the cervix.

If the thrush is a woman for the first time, it must undergo a full consultation with a doctor and get a prescription for prescription drugs and their mode of reception.

What can you do to relieve the symptoms of thrush:

  • Avoid using soaps with fragrance, vaginal deodorants, shower gels hygiene vaginal area. Use only water.
  • Do not use latex condoms.
  • Avoid using spermicidal cream.
  • Avoid the use of lubricants.
  • Avoid wearing synthetic fabrics and tight clothes. Cotton underwear is best.

The following women should consult a doctor if symptoms return:

  • Pregnant women.
  • Women with a pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Women who have changed the symptoms.
  • Women who do not go to the doctor for a year, and two had recurrence within 12 months.
  • Women who have had sexually transmitted diseases (or in the presence of STDs with a partner).
  • Women, for which antifungal drugs were ineffective.
  • Women with poor response to antifungal drugs.
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