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What is neurosis

What is neurosis?

According to statistics among neurological ailments along with epilepsy are most common neuroses.

The main cause of neurosis is often a traumatic impact factors on the human body. But do not forget about the genetic predisposition. Among the many reasons why you can highlight some of them: severe consequences of pregnancy and childbirth, neuro-psychological and physical stress, diseases of internal organs, injuries, adverse conditions in the family, etc. Neurosis is a reversible condition, which may be treatable if the person would not hesitate and ask for help to the clinic.

The forms of neurosis

There are many forms of it. Among them should be divided into three classical forms of neurosis:

  • obsessive-compulsive disorder;
  • neurasthenia;
  • hysterical neurosis.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a condition where contrary to the wishes of the patient having different obsessions: fear, anxiety, movement, action, ideas and thoughts.

Tic obsessions are caused by emotional stress, which can remove the motor discharge and increase in the his delay.

By the intrusive actions include nail biting, thumb-sucking, genital manipulation that resemble masturbation, and trichotillomania, which is caused by pulling the eyebrows and the hair on the hairy of the head. Unlike mental disorders obsessive-compulsive disorder is treatable.

Neurasthenia - a burnout or exhaustion of the nervous system. Patients who are diagnosed with neurasthenia, a reaction to a certain stimulus is very strong, so that the children get tired quickly. Therefore, they can not long to play and it is very hard on something to focus, they can not fully sit through a lesson, they have a bad memory, then as a result of rapid depletion may be an inadequate response: they are either completely passive or disinhibited and worked up.

Hysterical neurosis - a group of psychogenic illness characterized by different somatovegetativnymi, sensory and affective disorders, neurotic character wearing. Hysterical neurosis peculiar to patients with auto-suggestion and excessive suggestibility, in any way wish to attract attention to his person. In the occurrence of hysteria important role pathogenetic mechanisms "flight to illness", "conditional desirability and pleasantness" painful symptom of the inadequacy of human desires with its capabilities. It manifested this disease is very different in appearance and may resemble a variety of diseases, but usually at a hysteria dominated by neurological and psychiatric disorders. The most typical paralysis and paresis of different localization, violation of pain sensitivity and coordination of movements, hyperkinesis, different problems with speech until muteness.

Other forms of neurosis

In addition to classical forms, as a rule, there are fears and depression (loneliness, darkness, indoor, animal, frightened child, fear of heights and fear of the subway). Children under 10 years of age may be a fear of school so-called "school" neurosis, accompanied to leave without permission from the school and from home, refusal to attend school. In addition, the child may have tics, neurotic stuttering, enuresis, sleep disorders and appetite.


With timely treatment of neurosis is a reversible condition, but the duration and severity of trauma can lead to a nervous breakdown as a result of having more serious violations, which are more difficult to treat. It may be disorders of memory and attention, insomnia, frequent and severe headaches, turning into a neurotic personality development. Treatment of neurosis requires accurate diagnosis and should be comprehensive: restorative and drug therapy, psychotherapy. Treatment always depends on the form of neurosis, but for its successful flow is better to use all the components.

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