Treatment of diabetes in the vast majority of cases is symptomatic and aimed at removing existing symptoms without addressing the causes of the disease. The main tasks of the physician in the treatment of diabetes are: Compensation of carbohydrate metabolism, Prevention and treatment of complications, Normalization of body weight, Educating the patient. Compensation of carbohydrate metabolism is achieved in two ways: by providing the cells with insulin, in different ways depending on the type of diabetes, and by ensuring the uniform of the same income of carbohydrates, which is achieved on a diet. Very important role in compensation of diabetes patient education plays. A patient must be what diabetes than it is dangerous, that it should take in case of episodes of hypo-and hyperglycemia, how to avoid them, be able to independently control the blood glucose level and have a clear understanding of the nature of the permissible power for him.