Neurological diseases are the symptoms, syndromes and specific diseases of the nervous system. Conventionally, a list of them can be divided into two large groups. The first list includes those that affect the Central nervous system, namely brain and spinal cord passing through the channel of the spine. The second disease of the peripheral nervous system, i.e. separate the nerve endings and plexus. All neurological disorders can be divided into children and adults, either congenital or acquired. Learn more about the types, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention will be described below. The separate place in the list belongs to the disease depending on the causes.